Botox is one of the cosmetic procedures which can help in facial rejuvenation. It involves injecting proteins from botulinum toxins into the skin. This procedure is done in an effort to help minimize and smooth lines and wrinkles on the face. The transient lines of facial expression become permanently etched as wrinkles as we get older. This gives the face an appearance of stress and worry.
Botox can help to reduce this effect by paralyzing the muscles which gives the individual a face that is smooth. Botox is actually one of several potent poisons (neurotoxin) produced by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. Botox works by paralyzing the muscle into which it is injected. The paralyzed muscle can no longer create the scowling or squinting facial expressions that crease the skin to form wrinkles.
Not all facial wrinkles will benefit from Botox injections, and determining whether yours could benefit from Botox or need a different form of treatment is important to determine. Your skin type, skin thickness, and degree of wrinkling all play a role in determining whether Botox will be effective for you. In addition, certain specific medical conditions can exclude some patients as candidates for Botox. A careful history and physical exam of the face will be done by Dr Sanjay Azad to determine whether or not you would qualify. Rare patients may have antibodies to botulinum toxin in which case Botox will be ineffective.
Two of the most attractive aspects of Botox treatments is that they are relatively inexpensive and also require no "down time" for the patient. The procedure only takes a few minutes to perform, and requires no bandages, dressings, or ointments afterward. And because Botox injections are done in the outpatient and require local anesthesia at most, patients can resume their normal activities immediately.
The skin is cleaned with an antiseptic and the medicine is injected into the selected muscles of the face using a very fine needle to deposit tiny amounts at several points. The process of careful injection is a key as Dr Sanjay Azad would only like to weaken the wrinkle-producing muscles without affecting those for natural facial animation. The ultimate aim is not to give the patient an unnatural, expressionless look.
After the procedure, the only patient restriction is to avoid strenuous physical activity for the first twenty-four hours after the injection. The injection typically takes from two to five days to take full effect.